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Standards of Learning

The following represent only some of the Virginia Standards of Learning (SOLs) that are specifically oriented towards the countries and cultures of South Asia:

Second and Third Grades:

  • Physical, economic, and cultural characteristics of Central Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia and East Asia;
  • Contributions of Ancient China to the present world in terms of architecture, inventions, calendars, and written language;
  • The diverse ethnic origins, customs, and traditions of people from South Asia and East Asia who reside in the U.S. and in Virginia, and the contributions that they have made to American culture.

World History and Geography (9-12)

  • Ancient civilizations in the Indus River Valley and China: location, social, political, and economic patterns; religious traditions; language and writing;
  • 1000 B.C. to 500 A.D: The Aryan migrations, the caste system, origins, beliefs, traditions, customs, and spread of Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism;
  • The development of the Chinese empire and the construction of the Great Wall;
  • Islamic civilization from 600-1000 A.D., including the origin, beliefs, traditions, customs, and spread of Islam; the influence of geography on Islamic economic, social, and political development, including the impact of conquest and trade;
  • Japan in 1000-1500 A.D., with an emphasis on the impact of Shinto and Buddhist traditions and the influence of Chinese culture;
  • 1500-1650 A.D. India and China, including the Mughal Empire, coastal trade, China, and the Japanese shogunate;
  • 1650-1914: Assessing the impact of the industrial revolution and European economic and military power on Asia and Africa, with emphasis on the competition for resources and the responses of colonized peoples;
  • 1914-1945: Examining the events related to the rise, aggression, and human costs of dictatorial regimes in the Soviet Union, Germany, Italy, and Japan, and identifying their major leaders;
  • Explaining the terms of the peace, the war crimes trials, the division of Europe, plans to rebuild Germany and Japan, and the creation of international cooperative organizations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948);
  • 1945-Present: Describing conflicts and revolutionary movements in eastern Asia, including those in China and Vietnam, and their major leaders;
  • Describing major contributions of selected world leaders in the second half of the twentieth century, including Indira Gandhi and Deng Xiaoping;
  • Describing the struggles for self-rule, including Gandhi’s leadership in India and the development of India’s democracy;
  • Knowledge of the influence of Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism in the contemporary world including beliefs, sacred writings, traditions, customs, and geographic distribution of religions in the contemporary world.